NDC’s & Africa

All 54 African countries have committed to the Paris Climate Agreement, an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that aims to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C.

Although these countries have pledged their commitment to meeting their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), there is an evident lack of strategy development and implementation by a large majority of African nations towards meeting these goals.

African Climate Reality Project (ACRP), in collaboration with climate leaders around the continent, are investigating the progress that African countries have made towards meeting their NDCs and greater obligations to the Paris Climate Agreement.

In general, we have noticed a fundamental lack of research and data of current and past levels of GHG emissions. In fact, the countries that are falling behind have created mitigative policies and strategies based on outdated or inaccurate information.  For example, many have used data collected before 1990, and have not taken the growth in emissions, population, and industries in the last 20 years into consideration.  Furthermore, several countries around the continent essentially lack any information on strategies and policies adopted to mitigate GHG emissions, which prevents us from making an accurate judgement on whether these countries will meet their obligations.

Nevertheless, our investigation also provided avenues for hope and optimism in the continent being a frontrunner in the fight against climate change. We were particularly pleased to find a small group of countries that vitally understand and acknowledge the need to mitigate GHG emissions.

This map is designed to inform climate leaders, and the greater public, whether the individual African nations are going to meet their obligations to the Paris Climate Agreement. In each profile, we outline the various conditions that guided our conclusions, identify the four major sectors responsible for the nation’s emissions, and articulate suggestions and potential remedies that the nation should adopt in order to meet its designated obligations.

This map is a work in progress, and more countries will be added soon…

A GUIDE TO KEY TERMS
TERMDESCRIPTION
Paris Climate Agreement (PCA)An agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that aims to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)The contributions that each individual country should make in order to achieve the worldwide goal of the PCA. These contributions are determined by all countries individually by their respective governments. In general, these contributions include limiting coal emissions, reducing emissions by improving technology in the agriculture sector, and investing in renewable energy.
Carbon BudgetA tolerable quantity of greenhouse gas emissions that can be emitted in total over a specified time. The budget needs to be in line with what is scientifically required to keep global warming and subsequent climate change “tolerable”.
Fossil fuelsFuels that include coal, petroleum, natural gas, and heavy oils that are found in the remains of living organisms (anything with carbon). Burning fossil fuels result in the excessive production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that cause global warming. More than 80% of the world’s energy is provided by fossil fuels.
AFOLU SectorAgriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use sector, which is responsible for just under a quarter of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. GHG emissions in this sector are mainly from deforestation and agricultural emissions from livestock, soil, and nutrient management. A unique sector considered since the migration potential is derived from both an enhancement of removals of GHG as well as reduction of emissions through management of land and livestock.
GHG InventoriesA type of emission inventory of natural and anthropogenic GHG emissions that are used to develop strategies and policies for emissions reductions and to track the progress of those policies. GHG inventories typically use values that combine emissions of various greenhouse gases into a single weighted value of emissions in order to quantify the inventory.